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HP t510: Hardware 


 


 

 



HP t510 Thin Client

Originally I didn't have a t510, but eventually (early 2015) picked up a cheap one on eBay. The original photographs and most of the original information here was provided by Thomas van der Goot. I have since updated the information based on my own experience with the t510.

Specifications

Processor
   Type
   Speed
   Chipset
VIA Eden X2 U4200 (dual core)
1GHz
VX900
Memory
   Flash
   RAM
1GB/2GB/16GB
2GB
Video
   Chip
   Max resolution
VIA ChromotionHD 2.0
2048 x 1536
Ports
   Network
   USB
   Serial
   Parallel
   PS/2
   Video
10/100/1000
6 x USB2.0
1
1
2 (Kybd and Mouse)
DVI-I & DVI-D
Power
   Power
   Plug
   Off
   Idle
   Screensaver
   Running
19V 3.42A (label)
Coax 4.8mm/1.8mm
0W
~8W
~12W
~19W
Dimensions
H x W x D (mm)209 x 58.4 x 215 (Excluding Stand)

The embedded operating system is one of:

  • Genuine Windows Embedded Standard 7
  • Genuine Windows Embedded Standard 2009
  • HP ThinPro
  • HP Smart Zero Client Service
  • Windows Embedded CE 6.0 R3 (CE 6 Release 3)

depending on the exact model.

Power SupplyPSU label

The unit requires a 19V DC supply with a 4.8mm/1.8mm coax connector.

The standard PSU is rated at 19V 3.4A. I've happily used mine with a replacement 18.5V 3.5A PSU intended for a laptop.

CPU

From the linux cpuinfo data:

vendor_id :CentaurHauls
cpu family :6
model :15
model name :VIA Eden X2 U4200 @ 1.0+ GHz
stepping :13
flags :fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat clflush acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm syscall nx lm constant_tsc rep_good pni monitor vmx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr sse4_1 popcnt rng rng_en ace ace_en ace2 phe phe_en pmm pmm_en lahf_lm ida

PCI

From the linux lspci command:

00:00.0 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Host Bridge: Host Control (rev 80)
00:00.1 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Error Reporting
00:00.2 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 CPU Bus Controller
00:00.3 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 DRAM Bus Control
00:00.4 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Power Management and Chip Testing Control
00:00.5 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 APIC and Central Traffic Control
00:00.6 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Scratch Registers
00:00.7 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 North-South Module Interface Control
00:01.0 VGA compatible controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Graphics [Chrome9 HD]
00:03.0 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 PCI Express Root Port 0
00:03.1 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 PCI Express Root Port 1
00:03.2 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 PCI Express Root Port 2
00:03.3 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 PCI Express Root Port 3
00:03.4 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 PCI Express Physical Layer Electrical Sub-block
00:0f.0 IDE interface: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Serial ATA Controller
00:10.0 USB controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev a0)
00:10.1 USB controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev a0)
00:10.2 USB controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev a0)
00:10.3 USB controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev a0)
00:10.4 USB controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0 (rev 90)
00:11.0 ISA bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX900 Bus Control and Power Management
00:11.7 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX8xx South-North Module Interface Control
00:13.0 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VX855/VX875/VX900 PCI to PCI Bridge
00:14.0 Audio device: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237A/VT8251 HDA Controller (rev 20)
05:00.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetLink BCM57780 Gigabit Ethernet PCIe (rev 01)

Expansion

IDE interface in HP t510 Flash: The Flash memory is easily replaceable. It's a DOM plugged into a standard 44-pin IDE connector. From the photograph it looks as though the board is tracked for a SATA interface to be fitted just above the IDE connector. However there is a SATA interface fitted elsewhere (see below) so there is no need to solder one in as Jem Atahan did on the t5540.

RAM module in HP t510 RAM: The RAM is a standard 204-pin DDR3 SODIMM. The one fitted is manufactured by Hynix and is marked: 2GB 1Rx8 PC3-12800S-11-11-B2. The part number is HMT325S6CFR8C-PB NO AA. (It's a DDR3 1600MHz SODIMM). The memory bus runs at 533MHz so you need 1066MHz parts.

USB sockets in the HP t510 USB: There are two USB on the front panel, two on the rear and two 'secure' sockets located under the top cover.

PCI-E and SATA sockets in the HP t510 Mini PCI-E: The t510 has a Mini-PCIe 1x Slot. Some models have a wlan-card inserted in that slot with an external screwable antenna at the top of the backside of the Thin Client. Thomas asked a HP technician if it's possible to insert a mini-PCIe SSD or mSata SSD into that slot, and he answered:

"the voltage would match, but the slot is too short, it's only half-size mini-PCIe. It could work, but we have not tested it."

The problem is to get the SSD card mounted so that it doesn't fall out.

SSD fitted to the HP t510 SATA: As you can see on the pictures, there's a sata port above the mini-PCIe slot. As at the time of writing (Oct 2012) the HP SATA flash modules were expensive and had low capacities Thomas upgraded the storage with a 22 pin sata extension cable and an ordinary 2.5" SSD. However he had an unhappy experience trying to use the SATA interface. Whatever he plugged into this SATA socket - be it his SSD or a normal SATA drive (either powered from the t510 or an external PSU) - the onboard Broadcom NIC died. He has no explanation for this behaviour. Having been through a number of replacement units HP have let him return it for a refund.

I've received a number of emails from others who (as one would expect) have had no problems at all using the SATA socket.

However Jura has had a similar experience to Thomas:

"Two days after connecting SanDisk Sata SSD 8GB to the SATA interface my LAN died. It is not visible to the OS at all, not to Windows, not to Linux, and even in the BIOS, the MAC is shown as FFFFFFFFFFF."

Click here for a larger photo of the motherboard.

Once again my thanks to Thomas for the photographs and the original information.

 


Any comments? email me. Added October 2012    Last update July 2017